Many people know the basics difference between a red and a white wine, but you need to know wine is of many types and varieties. Wines can be classified primarily by the grapes used and the region grapes are grown. Here are general types of wines.
Red wines. This is color wines which are made from red grape varieties. The color is as a result of the skin of the grape to getting contact with grape juices during the process of making wine. They include cabernet sauvignon, zinfandel, pinot, and merlot.
White wines. They are usually colorless and made from white grapes varieties. But some can be made from red grapes where the grapes skin does not have any contact with the grape juice. This wine ranges from sweet to dry wines. They include riesling, chardonnay, sauvignon blanc and Gewurztraminer.
Fortified wines. This wine is produced with a small addition of grape spirit. They include sweet and dry style. Fortified wine includes Madeira, port wine, and sherry.
Dessert wine. They are usually made from residual sugar left in the finished wine which gives the wine a very sweet taste. They vary from super sticky sweet wines to super wines. Dessert wines are the most sweetest wines. They include ice wine, noble rot, and late harvest wines.
They have a few intense effervescences. They include prosecco and champagne which is the most famous wine in many regions in the world.